Erie ink Glossary of Terms

Page yield — the number of pages a toner or ink cartridge can print before running out. This is usually measured at a 5-percent coverage rate.

Monthly duty cycle — the maximum number of pages a printer can print per month without failing. Usually, the higher the duty cycle a printer has the better built the printer is.

Monochrome printer — a printer that prints in one color, usually black.

OEM — [original equipment manufacturer] is the company that builds a product and sells it under its own company name and brand. The company that originally manufactured the product.

Compatible cartridge — a cartridge that is not produced by the original manufacturer of your printer, but will function and work in the same way that a OEM cartridge would. Compatible cartridges can contain 100-percent new components or new and remanufactured components. They usually cost quite a bit less than the original equipment manufacturer’s cartridge.

Remanufactured cartridge — a cartridge that has been manufactured from new and recycled components, built to OEM specifications. Similar to compatible cartridge.

Refilled kit — a do-it-yourself option for refilling an empty ink or toner cartridge. The kit usually includes compatible toner or ink that matches the cartridge type and an injector needle that is used to fill the cartridge ink tank. Compatible and remanufactured toner and ink cartridges are sometimes referred to as a refill.

Laser printer — a type of printer that uses static electricity and heat to bond particles of toner to a page to create characters and images. Typically designed for business use.

Inkjet printer — a type of printer that shoots quick-drying ink through tiny nozzles onto a page to form characters and images. Typically designed for home or personal use.

Multifunction printer — a printer that incorporates copying, faxing, scanning and printing into a single unit.

Multipurpose tray [MP tray] — an additional tray for printing on different types of media, ranging from envelopes and note cards to glossy and heavier bond paper.

ADF [auto document feeder] — a tray that feeds paper one page at a time into a fax, copier or scanner.

Duplexer — an add-on feature to a printer that allows for automatic printing on both sides of a sheet of paper.

PPM [page per minute] — a measurement of printer speed that indicates how many printed sheets a printer can produce in 60 seconds.

Control panel — a display on your printer that lets the operator make changes to your printer. Not all units have a control panel.

MICR cartridge [magnetic ink character recognition] — MICR is a technology that uses magnetically charged ink or toner to print the numbers and special characters on the bottom of checks or other financial documents. It is used mainly by the banking industry to ease the processing and clearing of checks and also reduces check fraud.

Ethernet — a system for connecting a number of computers to form a local area network. It controls the passing of information.

Separation pad — Stationary pad across which the paper passes when being fed into a printer or fax machine. The pad creates friction to separate the top sheet of paper from the rest. It should be replaced when multiple sheets are pulled in at the same time.

Pickup roller — The roller that picks up pieces of paper from the paper tray. The pickup roller should be cleaned or replaced if the printer is experiencing frequent paper input jams.

Feed roller — A roller that advances the paper through a printer or fax machine. They should be replaced or cleaned if the machine is experiencing frequent jams.

Fuser or fixing assembly — The hot rollers that heat the toner particles that have been deposited on the paper and melts them into the paper fibers.

Transfer belt — Color printer component that transfers and aligns the four color images (cyan, magenta, yellow, black) into one full-color image.

Transfer roller — The roller that transfers the toner particles from the drum or transfer belt to the paper.

Imaging drum — The large, photosensitive cylinder that receives the image and then transfers it to paper. Damage to the drum causes streaks and spots that recur on every page.

Maintenance kit — Collection of spare parts that are replaced at specific page-count intervals. This typically “rebuilds” the worn items in the print engine.

DPI [dots per inch] — A printer’s resolution. The number of pixels or printer dots per linear inch. Today’s printers are typically print at 600 to 1,200 dpi.

RAM [random-access memory] — A computer’s main memory, where programs, application software, and data are stored. Also referred to as read/write memory.

Device driver — A program that allows a hardware peripheral, such as a printer, to communicate with a computer.